CV Full Form: The full form of CV is Curriculum Vitae, a Latin word which means “the course of your life “. A CV is the written overview of a candidate’s academic qualifications, achievements and experiences which helps in portraying him/her as the suitable candidate for the job he has applied for.
CV Full Form
It is typically used to screen applicants by the employer to make him eligible for the interview process. A CV may also be asked for applicants for scholarships, grants and post-secondary programs. An ideal CV contains 2-3 A4 size pages.
In the UK, most Commonwealth countries and Ireland, a CV should be short with 1-2 pages, displaying only the summary of the job seeker’s work experience, academic qualification and some personal information.
In some parts of Asia, a CV must include applicant’s photo, date of birth and recent salary information.
Content of a CV
A complete CV includes Full name of the applicant, Phone number, Address, Email id, Educational qualification, hobbies, achievements, skills matching with that of the job profile, languages known, career objective, etc
Format of a CV
Job hunting process starts with requesting a CV from the applicants. There would be thousands of skilled applicants applying for a job by submitting their CV. To ensure that one’s CV stands out from the pack of others, he/she should create an effective CV.
An effective Curriculum Vitae, full form of CV, is one which highlights all the points and makes an employer want to interview you.
Following are the formats to choose from while making a CV-
1) Functional/ Skill- Based CV – It highlights capabilities, skills and achievements. It shows the employer what one has done instead what one can do. It is used when one has significant gaps in work history, to emphasise skills over job titles or companies one have worked for.
2) Chronological CV- The most common format, it presents the information in an organised manner, beginning from the newest to the oldest. Recent graduates with experience use it through internship or training, or when the work history reflects progress. It should not be used in cases of frequent job changes, gaps in employment history, overqualified for the job.
3) Combined CV/ Hybrid CV- It is the most marketable CV as it always catches the attention of a recruiter. It highlights the skills and most relevant work experience in a semi-chronological format. It is used when an applicant possesses skills directly relevant to the position, applying for technical, IT or scientific positions. It is not used when a fresher is applying for a job without the required skills.
Tips for formatting a CV
- Length – A CV should be 1 -3 pages long depending upon the achievements and work experience
- Font Size and Font Choice– normally, font size should range in 10 – 12 points except the name and sections headings that can be bold or little larger. Font styles like Times New Roman, Arial, Calibri, are perfect.
- Format– Each section in the CV should be uniformly created. For example, if a subheading is in Italics, then rest of the subheadings must be in Italics. Bullets should be inserted if a sentence includes more than one point.
- Accuracy– CV must be appropriately edited before sending it to an organisation. Spellings, grammar, tenses should be thoroughly checked.
Let’s assume an applicant seeking a job signifies a ‘product’ and his/her skills, experiences, qualifications being the ‘specifications’ of the product which he must market in a way that attracts the buyer(recruiter) instantly. Here CV acts as the medium to market the features or specification of the product (applicant); hence, the product specifications should be highlighted clearly that hits the buyer at the very first glance.
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