GATE Syllabus is based on the different stream according to the qualifying examination. IIT Madras has define GATE syllabus in this year according to the 23 papers. These will be conducted for admissions to the M.Tech programmes which are offered by various **IITs **and IISCs. Candidates need to review GATE syllabus 2020 for the stream that they will be appearing for. This article will give you complete information regarding the GATE Petroleum Engineering Syllabus 2020.

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**GATE Petroleum Engineering Syllabus (PE)**

**Petroleum Engineering** is a field of engineering concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons, which can be either crude oil or natural gas. Exploration and production are deemed to fall within the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry.

GATE Petroleum Engineering Syllabus (PE) Consists of several sections, these are;

- Engineering Mathematics.
- Petroleum Exploration.
- Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology.
- Reservoir Engineering.
- Petroleum Production Operations.
- Offshore Drilling and Production Practices.
- Petroleum Formation Evaluation.
- Oil and Gas Well Testing.
- .Health Safety and Environment in the Petroleum Industry.
- Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques.
- Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering.

### GATE Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

#### Linear Algebra

**Algebra of matrices:** Inverse and rank of a matrix; System of linear equations; Symmetric, skew-symmetric and orthogonal matrices; Determinants; Eigenvalues and eigen vectors, Diagonalisation of matrices; Cayley-Hamilton Theorem.

#### Calculus

**Functions of single variable:** Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, Indeterminate forms and L’Hospital’s rule; Maxima and minima; Taylor’s theorem, Fundamental theorem and mean value-theorems of integral calculus; Evaluation of definite and improper integrals; Applications of definite integrals to evaluate areas and volumes.

**Functions of two variables:** Limit, continuity and partial derivatives; Directional derivative, Total derivative; Tangent plane and normal line; Maxima, minima and saddle points, Method of Lagrange multipliers; Double and triple integrals, and their applications.

**Sequence and series:** Convergence of sequence and series; Tests for convergence, Power series; Taylor’s series; Fourier Series; Half range sine and cosine series.

#### Vector Calculus

Gradient, divergence and curl; Line and surface integrals; Green’s theorem, Stokes theorem and Gauss divergence theorem (without proofs).

#### Complex Variable

Analytic functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations; Line integral, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula (without proof); Taylor’s series and Laurent series; Residue theorem (without proof) and its applications.

#### Ordinary Differential Equation

First order equations (linear and nonlinear); Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients; Second order linear differential equations with variable coefficients; Method of variation of parameters; Cauchy-Euler equation; Power series solutions; Legendre polynomials, Bessel functions of the first kind and their properties.

#### Partial Differential Equation

Classification of second order linear partial differential equations; Method of separation of variables; Laplace equation; Solutions of one dimensional heat and wave equations.

#### Probability

Axioms of probability; Conditional probability; Bayes’ Theorem; Discrete and continuous random variables: Binomial, Poisson and normal distributions; Correlation and linear regression.

#### Numerical Methods

Solution of systems of linear equations using LU decomposition, Gauss elimination and Gauss-Seidel methods; Lagrange and Newton’s interpolations, Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations by Newton-Raphson method; Numerical integration by trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule and Gaussian quadrature rule; Numerical solutions of first order differential equations by Euler’s method and 4th order Runge-Kutta method.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Petroleum Exploration

Classification and description of some common rocks with special reference to clastic and nonclastic reservoir rocks. Origin, migration and accumulation of Petroleum. Petroleum exploration methods.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology

Well planning. Drilling method. Drilling rigs Rig operating systems. Drilling fluids function and properties. Drilling fluid maintenance equipment. Oil & gas well cementing operations. Drill bit types and their applications. Drill string & Casing string function, operations, selection & design. Drilling problems, their control & remedies. Directional drilling tools. Directional survey. Application of horizontal, multilateral, extended reach, slim wells.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Reservoir Engineering

Petrophysical properties of reservoir rocks. Coring and core analysis. Reservoir fluid properties. Phase behavior of hydrocarbon system. Flow of fluids through porous media. Water and gas coning. Reservoir pressure measurements. Reservoir drives, drive mechanics and recovery factors. Reserve estimation & techniques.

**GATE PE Syllabus – Petroleum Production Operations **

Well equipment. Well completion techniques. Well production problems and mitigation. Well servicing & Workover operations. Workover & completion fluids. Formation damage. Well stimulation techniques. Artificial lift techniques.

Field processing of oil & gas. Storage and transportation of petroleum and petroleum products. Metering and measurements oil & gas. Production system analysis & optimization. Production testing. Multiphase flow in tubing and flow-lines. Nodal system analysis. Pressure vessels, storage tanks, shell and tube heat exchangers, pumps and compressors, LNG value chain.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Offshore Drilling and Production Practices

Offshore oil and gas operations & ocean environment. Offshore fixed platforms, Offshore mobile units, Station keeping methods like mooring & dynamic positioning system. Offshore drilling from fixed platform, jack-up, ships

and semi submersibles. Use of conductors and risers. Offshore well completion. Deep water applications of subsea technology. Offshore production: Oil processing platforms, water injection platforms, storage, SPM and SBM transportation and utilities. Deep water drilling rig. Deep water production system. Emerging deep water technologies.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Petroleum Formation Evaluation

Evaluation of petrophysical of sub-surface formations: Principles applications, advantages and disadvantages of SP, resistivity, radioactive, acoustic logs and types of tools used. Evaluation of CBL/VDL, USIT, SFT, RFT. Production logging tools, principles, limitations and applications. Special type of logging tools. Casing inspection tools (principles, applications and limitations), Formations micro scanner (FMS), NMR logging principles. Standard log interpretation methods. Cross-plotting methods.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Oil and Gas Well Testing

Diffusivity equation, derivation & solutions. Radius of investigation. Principle of superposition. Horner’s approximation. Drill Stem Testing. Pressure Transient Tests: Drawdown and build up-test analysis. Wellbore effects. Multilayer reservoirs. Injection well testing. Multiple well testing. Interference testing, Pulse testing, well-test

analysis by use of type curves. Gas well testing.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Health Safety and Environment in Petroleum Industry

**Health hazards in Petroleum Industry**: Toxicity, Physiological, Asphyxiation, respiratory and skin effect of petroleum hydrocarbons, sour gases.

**Safety System:** Manual & automatic shutdown system, blow down systems. Gas detection system. Fire detection and suppression systems. Personal protection system & measures. HSE Policies. Disaster & crisis management in Petroleum Industry.

**Environment:** Environment concepts, impact on eco-system, air, water and soil. The impact of drilling & production operations on environment, Environmental transport of petroleum wastes. Offshore environmental studies. Offshore oil spill and oil spill control. Waste treatment methods.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques

Basic principles and mechanism of EOR, Screening of EOR process. Concept of pattern flooding, recovery efficiency, permeability heterogeneity. Macroscopic and microscopic displacement efficiency. EOR methods: Chemical flooding, Miscible flooding, Thermal recoveries (steam stimulation, hot water & steam flooding, in-situcombustion), Microbial EOR.

### GATE PE Syllabus – Latest trends in Petroleum Engineering

Coal bed methane, shale gas, oil shale, gas hydrate, and heavy oil.

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