IIT Kanpur is the organizing authority of Gate 2024. It is responsible for devising the syllabus for the exam. **The GATE Agriculture Engineering Syllabus 2024** comprises 7 subjects. The 7 subjects are bifurcated into subsections. Almost 70% of the GATE Agriculture Engineering Syllabus is based on core agriculture-based subjects, and 15% of the total marks consist of General Aptitude and the Engineering Mathematics section.

This article will give you complete information regarding the **GATE Agricultural Engineering Syllabus**.

**GATE Agricultural Engineering Syllabus (AG) 2024**

GATE Agricultural Engineering Sections consist of some of the Arithmetic Problems, **Engineering Mathematics**, and Agricultural Engineering.

### GATE Engineering Mathematics Syllabus

### Linear Algebra

**Algebra of matrices:** A matrix’s inverse and rank; a system of linear equations; Determinants; Symmetric, skew-symmetric, and orthogonal matrices; Eigenvalues and eigenvectors, matrices diagonalization, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem

### Calculus

**Functions of a single variable:** Limitation, continuity, and differentiation; Mean value theorems, indeterminate forms, and L’Hospital’s rule; Maxima and minima Taylor’s theorem, Fundamental theorem, and mean value-theorems of integral calculus; Evaluation of definite and improper integrals; applications of definite integrals to evaluate areas and volumes.

**Functions of two variables:** Limitation, continuity, and partial derivatives Directional derivative, total derivative; The normal line and the tangent plane; Maxima, minima, and saddle points, as well as the Lagrange multiplier method; Double and triple integrals and their applications

**Sequence and series:** Convergence of sequence and series; Tests for convergence, Power series; Taylor’s series; Fourier Series; Half range sine and cosine series.

### Vector Calculus

Gradient, divergence, and curl; Line and surface integrals; Green’s theorem, Stokes theorem, and Gauss divergence theorem (without proofs).

### Complex Variable

Analytic functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations; Line integral, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula (without proof); Taylor’s series and Laurent series; The Residue Theorem (without proof) and its applications.

### Ordinary Differential Equation

First-order equations (linear and nonlinear); higher-order linear differential equations with constant coefficients; second-order linear differential equations with variable coefficients; The method of parameter variation; the Cauchy-Euler equation; power series solutions; Legendre polynomials; and the properties of Bessel functions of the first kind.

### Partial Differential Equation

Classification of second-order linear partial differential equations; variable separation method; Laplace equation; one-dimensional heat and wave equation solutions.

### Probability

Axioms of probability; Conditional probability; Bayes’ Theorem; Discrete and continuous random variables: Binomial, Poisson, and normal distributions; Correlation and linear regression.

### Numerical Methods

The solution of systems of linear equations using LU decomposition, Gauss elimination, and Gauss-Seidel methods; Solution of polynomial and transcendental equations by the Newton-Raphson method; Numerical integration by trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rule, and Gaussian quadrature rule; Numerical solutions of first-order differential equations by Euler’s method and 4th order Runge-Kutta method.

**Farm Machinery **

**Machine Design:** Design and selection of machine elements – gears, pulleys, chains, sprockets, belts; overload safety devices used in farm machinery; measurement of force, torque, speed, displacement, and acceleration on machine elements.

**Farm Machinery: **Soil tillage; forces acting on a tillage tool; hitch systems and hitching of tillage implements; functional requirements, principles of working, construction, and operation of manual, animal, and power-operated equipment for tillage, sowing, planting, fertilizer application, inter-cultivation, spraying, mowing, chaff cutting, harvesting, threshing, and transport; testing of agricultural machinery and equipment; calculation of performance parameters-field capacity, efficiency, application rate, and losses; cost analysis of implements and tractors.

**Farm Power**

**Sources of Power:** Sources of power on the farm – human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar, and biomass; biofuels.

**Farm Power:** Thermodynamic principles of internal combustion engines; internal combustion engine cycles; engine components; fuels and combustion; lubricants and their properties; internal combustion engine systems – fuel, cooling, lubrication, ignition, electrical, intake and exhaust; selection, operation, maintenance, and repair of internal combustion engines; power efficiencies and measurement; calculation of power, torque, fuel consumption, heat load, and power losses.

**Tractors and Powertillers:** tractor type, tractor selection, maintenance, and repair of tractors and power tillers; tractor clutches and brakes; power transmission systems–gear trains, differential, final drives, and power take-off; tractor chassis mechanics; traction theory; three-point hitches-free link and restrained link operations; mechanical, steering, and hydraulic control systems used in tractors; tractor tests and performance human engineering and safety in the design of tractors and agricultural implements.

**Soil and Water Conservation Engineering **

**Fluid Mechanics:** Ideal and real fluids, properties of fluids; hydrostatic pressure and its measurement; hydrostatic forces on plane and curved surface; continuity equation; Bernoulli’s theorem; laminar and turbulent flow in pipes, Darcy- Weisbach and Hazen-Williams equations, Moody’s diagram; flow through orifices and notches; flow in open channels.

**Soil Mechanics:** Engineering properties of soils; fundamental definitions and relationships; index properties of soils; permeability and seepage analysis; shear strength, Mohr’s circle of stress, active and passive earth pressures; stability of slopes.

**Hydrology:** Hydrological cycle and components; meteorological parameters, their measurement and analysis of precipitation data; runoff estimation; hydrograph analysis, unit hydrograph theory, and application; stream flow measurement; flood routing, hydrological reservoir, and channel routing.

**Surveying and Leveling:** Measurement of distance and area; instruments for surveying and leveling; chain surveying, methods of traversing; measurement of angles and bearings, plane table surveying; types of leveling; theodolite traversing; contouring; computation of areas and volume.

**Soil and Water Erosion:** Mechanics of soil erosion, soil erosion types, wind and water erosion, factors affecting erosion; soil loss estimation; biological and engineering measures to control erosion; terraces and bunds; vegetative waterways; gully control structures, drop, drop inlet and chute spillways; earthen dams.

**Watershed Management:** Watershed characterization; land use capability classification; rainwater harvesting structures, check dams, and farm ponds.

**Irrigation and Drainage Engineering**

**Soil-Water-Plant Relationship:** Water requirement of crops; consumptive use and evapotranspiration; measurement of infiltration, soil moisture, and irrigation water infiltration.

**Irrigation Water Conveyance and Application Methods:** Design of irrigation channels and underground pipelines; irrigation scheduling; surface, sprinkler, and micro-irrigation methods, design and evaluation of irrigation methods; irrigation efficiencies.

**Agricultural Drainage:** Drainage coefficient; planning, design, and layout of surface and sub-surface drainage systems; leaching requirement and salinity control; irrigation and drainage water quality and reuse.

**Groundwater Hydrology:** Groundwater occurrence; Darcy’s Law, steady flow in confined and unconfined aquifers, evaluation of aquifer properties; groundwater recharge.

**Wells and Pumps:** Types of wells, steady flow through wells; classification of pumps; pump characteristics; pump selection and installation.

**Agricultural Processing Engineering**

**Drying:** Psychrometry – properties of air-vapors mixture; concentration and drying of liquid foods – evaporators, tray, drum and spray dryers; hydrothermal treatment; drying and milling of cereals, pulses, and oilseeds.

**Size Reduction and Conveying:** Mechanics and energy requirement in size reduction of granular solids; particle size analysis for comminuted solids; size separation by screening; fluidization of granular solids-pneumatic, bucket, screw, and belt conveying; cleaning and grading; Effectiveness of grain cleaners; centrifugal separation of solids, liquids, and gases.

**Processing and By-product Utilization:** Processing of seeds, spices, fruits, and vegetables; By-product utilization from processing industries.

**Storage Systems:** Controlled and modified atmosphere storage; perishable food storage, godowns, bins, and grain silos.

**Dairy and Food Engineering**

**Heat and Mass Transfer:** Steady-state heat transfer in conduction, convection, and radiation; transient heat transfer in simple geometry; working principles of heat exchangers; diffusive and convective mass transfer; simultaneous heat and mass transfer in agricultural processing operations; material and energy balances in food processing systems; water activity, sorption and desorption isotherms.

**Preservation of Food:** Kinetics of microbial death – pasteurization and sterilization of milk and other liquid foods; preservation of food by cooling and freezing; refrigeration and cold storage basics and applications.

### Books for GATE Agricultural Engineering (AG)

GATE Agricultural Engineering (AG) Name | Buy Now |
---|---|

Rhizobium Biology and Biotechnology (Soil Biology) |
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Plant Nanotechnology: Principles and Practices |
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Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management |
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## Conclusion

Agricultural Engineering, or AE, is a lengthy exam that consists of 7 different examinations. The candidates must understand the syllabus and topics first and then start their preparation. It is critical to prepare using only the most credible and trustworthy study materials.

The students must maintain a timetable to schedule their preparation. It is also essential to manage studies and health together. Do take care of yourself apart from your studies. Always keep in mind that a healthy mind and body produce more productivity.

*Work hard, work smart! Good luck!*

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