What to do after class 12? is one of the most common questions of every student studying in this grade. Most students are confused about their career prospects, job opportunities, their passion, and their preferences.
Many study counselors state that students are not exposed to various career prospects. After class 10, students need to choose from Science, Commerce, and Arts.
Out of all the three groups, the science group is the most popular stream that most of the students choose. Here are some of the reasons why the science stream is very popular among class 11 and 12 students:
- It is the most important stream who want to become engineers and doctors.
- Science students can pursue studies in Pure Science or Applied Science at PG levels.
- Students who choose the science group are eligible to apply for both science and non-science courses after class 12
However, another question that might come to your mind is what are the courses available after class 12th science?
To help you better, here are some of the career options for students who have completed class 12 in the science stream.
So let us get started!
Courses After 12th Science
Since there are hundreds and thousands of colleges that offer courses for Science students, it is a very difficult task to make the right choice.
Here in this section, we have explained the best UG courses for science students.
Popular Courses After 12th With Maths (PCM)
Here are the courses for science students who chose Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) in classes 11 and 12.
BE or B.Tech is the best 4-year UG degree designed for those who complete their study in engineering. The universities that offer other degrees along with engineering name it as BE while colleges that offer professional courses like engineering name it as B.Tech.
Those who want to appear for the B.tech course must have completed their class 11 and class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Maths. They must have scored a minimum of 50% marks in 10+2.
Admission to these courses is based on the scores secured in various entrance exams. Some of the most popular B.Tech/BE entrance exams are– JEE Main, COMEDK UGET, MHT CET, YCMOU, AP EAMCET, BITSAT, VITEEE, TNEA, CUET, KCET, GATE, GUJCET, IIITH UGEE, WBJEE, MET, JEE Advanced, TS EAMCET, etc.
2. Bachelor of Architecture (BArch)
BArch or Bachelor of Architecture is a UG program for those who want to start their career in Architecture. The course focuses on planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other structures.
To pursue this course, students must have class 12 with maths with a minimum of 50% marks. Some of the most popular entrance exams to get admission in these courses are JEE Main (Paper 2), NATA, ITM, NEST, GAT, AAT, UGTP, GCET, etc.
Some of the most important skills required to get admission to these courses include creativity, communication skills, observation skills, team spirit, and interest in architecture and designing.
Candidates pursuing B.Arch can start a career as Architecture designer, Architecture Engineer, Interior Designer, Architectural Journalist, Consulting Architects, Building Contractors, etc.
3. Bachelor of Science (Pure Science)
Bachelor of Science or BSc is a UG degree for aspirants who want to pursue a career in Science. Students who complete their class 12 in science can apply for this course. The total duration of this course is 3 years in various colleges and universities in India.
The specializations provided in this course are Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Biology, Biotechnology, Fashion Design, Hospitality, Agriculture, etc.
The BSc admission process is conducted in two modes- via merit or entrance exam based. Some of the most popular entrance exams to get admission in this course are NEST, IISER Aptitude Test, ICAR AIEEA, OUAT, CUET, etc.
After completing this course, there are various job opportunities available including Research Scientist. Scientific Assistant, Statistician, Quality Control Manager, Teacher, Technical Writer, Lab Chemist, etc.
4. Bachelor in Computer Applications (IT and Software)
BCA is another best undergraduate degree for all students who are interested in learning about the various computer languages. This degree is also similar to the B.Tech or BE in Computer Science or Information Technology.
Students who have completed their class 12 with maths with a minimum of 45% to 50% marks can apply for this course.
Some of the specializations provided in this course are Networking Hardware & Security, Programming, Mobile Application Development, Game Design, Cloud Computing, etc.
Admission to these BCA courses is either merit-based or entrance exam based. Some of the entrance exams are BU MAT, SSSIHL, RUET, IPU-CET, SET, NMU UG CET, GSAT, LUCSAT, AIMA UGAT, and other university-level entrance exams.
After completing your course, you can start your career as a Software Developer, System Administrator, Tech support, Tech Analyst, etc.
5. Bachelor of Science (IT and Software)
BSc in IT and Software or BSc in Information Technology is a UG degree for students who have chosen Physics, Chemistry, and Maths in class 12. The total duration of this course is 3 to 4 years in various colleges and universities.
The specialization provided by Bsc course is Networking Hardware & Security, Programming, Mobile Application Development, Game Design, Cloud Computing, etc.
BSc IT graduates can work as Software Developer, System Administrator, Tech support, Tech Analyst, etc.
Courses After Class 12th With Biology (PCB)
Here are the courses to opt for after PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) in classes 11 and 12.
1. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
MBBS or Bachelor of Medicine is a degree in medicine and surgery designed for those who want to become a doctor. If you want to pursue MBBS, you need to have cleared class 12 with PCM/PCMB with a minimum of 60% in class 12.
Note: There is a relaxation for students belonging to reserved categories in various government and affiliated medical institutions.
Those who want to get admission to MBBS colleges, need to appear for entrance exams. One of the most popular medical entrance exams is NEET UG. Other entrance exams include JIPMER, MBBS, AIIMS MBBS, etc.
After completing your MBBS degree, you can start working as a general physician, pediatrician, medical assistant, etc. If you want to study further, you can opt to pursue MD/MS.
2. Post Basic BSc Nursing
Post-Basic BSc Nursing is a 2-year UG degree that helps nursing aspirants to get familiar with the subjects, roles, and responsibilities. This course also provides training to become a professional nurse.
Those who have cleared the GNM (General Nursing and Midwifery) course after 10+2 in science with a minimum of 50% can apply for this course. Students also need to register as nurses with any State Nursing Registration Council.
The specialization provided by this course is BSc (Post Basic). Candidates need to appear for the KGMU BSc Nursing Entrance Examination.
3. Bachelor of Pharmacy (BPharma)
B.Pharma or Bachelor of Pharmacy is a 4-year undergraduate degree for students interested in pursuing Pharmacy. Those who want to apply for this course must have cleared class 12 in science (PCM/PCB) with a minimum of 50% marks.
Apart from B.Pharma, you can also opt for Diploma in Pharmacy, Master of Pharmacy, or For Doctor of Pharmacy. Some of the job roles for B.Pharma graduates are Pharmacist, Pharmacologist, Food and cosmetic products development scientist, and Clinical Trial Research Associate.
Some of the entrance exams to get admission to various B. Pharma entrance exams are- WBJEE, UPSEE, GUJCET, TS EAMCET, AP EAMCET, BITSAT, Karnataka Common Entrance Test, ITM NEST, GPAT, CUET, and other state-level and university-level entrance exams.
4. BSc in Nursing
BSc in Nursing is a 4-year UG course for students who want to start their career as a nurse. Those who have completed their 10+2 in PCB with a minimum of 50% can apply for this course.
Some of the subjects included in this course are Anatomy, Biochemistry, Nursing Foundation, Pharmacology, Sociology, Psychology, Communication, and Educational Technology, Microbiology, English, Midwifery and Obstetrical Nursing, Nursing Research, and Statistics, etc.
Some of the entrance exams to get into this course includes AIIMS Nursing, PGIMER Nursing, CMC Ludhiana, Indian Army Nursing, JIPMER Nursing, KGMU Nursing, BHU Nursing, Jamia Hamdard Nursing, etc.
Some of the various career options after BSc Nursing are Nurse, Home Care Nurses, Nursing assistants, Junior Psychiatric Nurse, Nursing tutors, Nursing Educators, Home Care Nurses, Nursery School, Nurse & Patient educators, etc.
Courses After Class 12th PCMB
Students who chose PCMB in class 12 are eligible to opt for both PCM and PCB courses. Those who have scored a minimum of 60% at the HSC level can apply for these courses. However, there are courses where students must have a minimum of 60% individually in Maths and Biology/Life Science.
Arts & Commerce Courses For Science Students
As mentioned, Science students can also opt for various arts and commerce courses in colleges and universities. Here are some of the best courses that you can opt for.
1. BA In Humanities & Social Sciences
BA is one of the best Bachelor’s degree courses for social sciences, liberal arts, and fine arts. Those who want to apply for this course must have completed their class 12 in Arts. However, science and commerce students can also take up the course.
Some of the most popular specializations provided in this course are Sociology, Political Science, Geography, Sociology, History, etc.
Those who want to get admission to these courses must appear for entrance exams like SUAT, BHU UET, CUET, JNUEE, etc.
2. BA in Arts (Fine/Visuals/Performing)
This is the best course for those who want to pursue their career in Fine Arts, Performing Arts, and Visual Arts. To be eligible to apply for the course the candidates must have completed class 12 in any stream.
Some of the specializations in this course are Painting and Drawing, Dance and Choreography, Music, Theatre, Film Making, etc.
After completing this course, you can start your career in various sections including media, journalism, mass communication, social media & digital marketing, graphic designing, video editing, etc.
3. Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
BFA is a Bachelor’s degree program to undertake in the field of Fine Arts, Performing Arts, and Visual Arts. Some of the most popular specializations include Applied Arts, Sculpture, Film Making, Ceramics, Painting, Drawing, etc.
The most popular BFA entrance exams are BHU UET, KUK Entrance Exam, Jamia Millia Islamia Entrance Exam, etc.
BFA graduates can start a career as Musician, Photographer, choreographers, Animator, Graphic Designers, Visual Designers, Fine artists, Art Director, Art Teachers, Editor, Screen Writer, Actor, etc.
4. Bachelors of Design (in Animation)
A Bachelor of Design or BDes in Animation is another popular UG degree for students who are passionate about becoming an Animator. Students who have completed their class 12 in any stream can opt for this course.
Some of the most popular specializations are 2D/3D Animation, Graphic/Web Designing, Animation Film Making, Sound and Video Editing, VFX, etc.
Some of the colleges provide admission to these courses based on the entrance exam scores. Some of the most popular entrance exams are UCEED, NIFT entrance exam, and NID entrance exam.
5. BA LLB
BA LLB (Bachelor of Arts + Bachelor of Laws) is an integrated law course at UG level. Those who clear class 12 in any stream with a minimum of 50% from a recognized board can apply for this course.
The total time duration of this course is 5 years. Some of the specializations provided include Constitutional law and Criminal law.
The subjects included in this course are Environmental Law, Intellectual Properly Law, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law, Human Rights Law, etc.
Those who want to pursue this course must appear for CLAT, AILET, AP LAWCET, and LSAT entrance exams. BA LLB graduates can become Assistant Lawyer, Legal Associate, Solicitor, Litigator, Advocate, Notary, etc
6. Bachelor of Science (In Hospitality & Travel)
Bachelor of Science in Hospitality and Travel or BSc in Hospitality and Travel is a UG course for those who want to start their career in hospitality. Those who have completed their class 12 in any stream from a recognized education board can take up this course.
Some of the specializations provided in this course are Hotel Management, Catering, Travel & Tourism, Fares & Ticketing, and Culinary Arts.
To get admission to this course some of the entrance exams include NCHMCT JEE, CUSAT, etc.
The course graduates can start their careers as Hotel Managers, Food and Beverage Managers, Housekeeping managers, chefs, Cabin Crew, Front Office managers, Travel Coordinators, etc.
7. BHM in Hospitality & Travel
Bachelor of Hotel Management in Hospitality and Travel is a UG Degree for those who have completed their class 12 in any stream. Some of the specializations available in this course are Food and Beverage Services and Housekeeping, Hotel/Hospitality Management, Front Office Management, Catering, Fares and Ticketing, etc.
Those who want to apply for this course must appear for entrance exams including Christ University Entrance Exam, SPSAT, and UGAT.
After completing this course students can start working or opt for Masters’s degree in travel and Tourism Management, MBA in Tourism and Hotel Management, etc.
If you plan to work then you can work as Hotel Manager, Food and Beverage Management, Front Office Manager, Housekeeping Manager, Restaurant and Food Service Manager, Chef, Floor Supervisor, Steward/Stewardess, Cabin Crew, Travel Agent, and more.
8. BA in Hospitality & Travel
Bachelors of Arts in Hospitality & Travel is a 3-year UG program for those who have cleared their class 12 in any stream. Admission to this course is done on a merit basis.
In this course, the students will learn everything about the hospitality and travel industry. They will also learn a few effective marketing skills.
After completing this course, candidates can work in various industries like Airlines, Resorts, Bars, Restaurants, Hotels, Lounges, etc.
Some of the best job profiles are Catering Supervisor, Cabin Crew, Hospitality Executive, Catering Officer, Sales Executive, Hotel Manager, Hotel Supervisor, Marketing Executive, etc.
9. Bachelor of Science (In Design)
A BSc in Design is a Bachelor’s degree for those who want to start their career in designing. Those who have completed their class 12 in any stream can pursue this course.
Some of the specializations provided under this course are Web Designing, Fashion Designing, Graphic Designing, Product Designing, Interior Designing, and more.
Candidates are provided admission to this course based on their performance in entrance exams. Some of the entrance exams include NPAT, UPCET, LPU NEST, IICD Entrance Test, UCEED, etc.
The BSc Design graduates can start a career as Textile Designer, Interior Designer, Graphic Designer, Website Designer, etc.
10. Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication (BJMC)
Bachelor of Journalism & Mass Communication or BJMC is another most popular 3-year UG program designed for those who want to start their career in journalism or mass communication.
Those who have completed class 12 in any discipline can apply for this course. Some of the most popular specializations for this course include Journalism. Film & TV, Media Planning, Music & Sound Production, etc.
BJMC entrance exams include- JMI Entrance Exam, IPU CET, CUET, LUACMAT, SRMHCMAT, Goenkan Aptitude Test for Admission.
Those who complete the course can start their career as a Reporter, Copywriter, Sub-Editor, Editor, Public Relation Officer, Public Relation Manager, Video Jockey, Radio Jockey, Anchor, etc.
11. B.Com (Accounting and Commerce)
Bachelors of Commerce or BCom Hons is a 3-year UG program for students who have completed their class 12 in any stream with a minimum of 50% marks and can apply for this course. This course focuses on teaching students various accounting and finance practices.
Admission to this course is based on merit or an entrance exam followed by interviews. Some of the most popular BCom Accounting and Commerce entrance exams are DU JAT, SET, NPAT, MHT CET, IPU CET, etc.
Some of the specializations provided in this course are Financial management, Corporate finance or Transaction services, Auditing, Not for profit accounting, Business assurance services, etc.
These graduates can start a career as Personal Finance Consultant, Accounts assistants, Financial Analysts, Money Managers, and Senior accountants.
Most students are confused about their career prospects, job opportunities, their passion, and their preferences after completing their Class 12 science.
Since science students are eligible to apply for both science and non-science courses after class 12, it is very difficult to make the right choice.
Here in this post, we have listed the 20 best PCM, PCB, and commerce courses for science students.